Each Chid has his own ways and rates of development, growing and learning: physically, emotionally, socially and intellectually .children have different strengths and vulnerabilities so each one needs different kinds of support to meet his individual need, For that each child is unique individual, parents and practitioners must understand and respect their children needs.
As well as when treating children individually you must understand and respect their personalities, t abilities, culture or religion, home language, family background, learning difficulties, disabilities or gender.
The benefits for children when their individual needs are met will as followed:
– Helping each child to improve his talents and abilities and support him to progress and reach his goals in learning and development to meet the Early Years Foundation Stage guidance.
-child will get the opportunity to improve his own capabilities develop a healthy self-esteem and develop a positive attitude
-Child built his own personality which makes him more responsible on his choices and actions which reflect his individuality.
-Discovering each child strengths and weakness.
-Give all children the opportunity and support to develop and learn to become successful adult useful and helpful for his/her country and community
Describe how the principles of anti-discriminatory practice can be applied to practice
Discrimination is the way of treat an individual more or less favourably than others, or because of prejudice children and their family before you know them due to their backgrounds, class, gender, disability, race and culture.
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It is important to practice anti -discrimination to ensure that every child has the opportunity to fully access any areas of learning within the framework. Providing an inclusive environment for children enables them to develop self esteem and confidence. Providing them an equal opportunity to learn to show them that they are valued and respected as unique individuals regardless of any additional needs, family and ethnic background.
The Nursery and practitioner are committed to:
Providing a friendly and welcome environment for children and their families
Providing books and songs in different language.
Set a celebration calendar for the different multicultural festivals.
A wide selection of toys of different gender and culture, and encourage children to choose their toys.
Inviting parents to join the nursery in some activities.
Encourage children to talk about their culture in their language about( Numbers, colour and country).
Describe why it is important to plan activities that meet the individual needs of children.
Before we going to plan activities we discuss the observation done for each child that so it give us information about each child current levels support he needs, and his interest which will be our base to plan our activities that will help the child to assesses the progress and achieve the aspect of his own learning and development stage .
When we plan activities that meet the individual needs of children we are:
*Children will get opportunity to progress in their learning and development stages; we will support their weakness and develop their talents and abilities
*Supporting them and help them to develop and learn by enjoyable playful learning ways by planning activities that are high on pleasure, and achievements
*Give the perfect support and opportunity for children with learning difficulties or disabilities to achieve their goals as any other children by planning activities according to their interest and abilities
*When planning activities that we observe it is related to their interest and needs we will achieve good ovulations and achieve the aspect of areas of learning and development goals of this activities
*Children will have self steam and self confidence since they will find them self in a good position where their interest and things they good at which make this activity more challenging which encourage them to be more creative and imaginative
*When planning good activities that promote progress we form apositive relationships with parents and with the children.
*Promote anti discriminations practice by planning activities covers different needs and interest irrespective of ethnicity, culture or religion, home language, background, learning difficulties, disabilities or gender.
Explain how the practitioner can promote children’s physical and emotional well-being within an early years setting.
In this point i would like to explain how and what role the practitioner can promote for children within an early years setting which is very important and positively affect the children life physically, emotionally and psychological health from the experience they gained during the early years from the physical and emotional activities provided to them by the practitioner.
The role of the practitioner in supporting children’s physical well-being.
To provide a balanced programme of activities to support the physical development
To provide sufficient space (indoors and outdoors)
Providing the suitable material and equipment for children to improve their skills .
Providing other activities such as cooking, sewing, woodwork and planting to increase the hand-eye coordination.
To provide time, opportunity and support for children with special needs to develop their physical skills, working in coordination with the special education need coordinator(SENCO).
The role of the practitioner in supporting children’s emotional well-being.
The practitioner need to understand the children feelings, respect and listen carefully to them to be able to manage their feeling and control the way they behave to help them build a good relationships with friends and family .Understanding the children feelings and needs help the practitioner to provide for them the appropriate planning and activities which meet their needs to improve them emotionally and physically.
In order to support children’s emotion the practitioner must:
Communicate with parents
Help the children to understand their feeling by using books, board games, puppets etc…….
Make them feel valued.
Giving them the time and the attention
Observe the children’s behaviour
Communicate with children and encourage them to decide the way to solve their problem
Give them the time and the opportunity to talk.
The activities should include:
– Drawing , painting and creative activities.
– Group games involving running, jumping and hopping.
– Group games involving movement followed by stopping.
– Balancing activities
– Giving the children the opportunity to create their own spaces (e.g. tent from blankets)
– Encourage games and activities that involve sharing resources with other children.
– Discussions about body parts.
– Singing action songs (e.g. Head, shoulders, knees and toes).
– Discussions about keeping safe, fit and healthy and encourage them to talk about health
– Discussions about eating a healthy diet.
– Encouraging children to make decisions by choosing between different types of food.
– Making and eating food from a range of cultures.